Why This Stuff Costs $2700 Trillion Per Gram - Antimatter at CERN

  • เผยแพร่เมื่อ 14 พ.ย. 2019
  • Physics Girl is on Patreon! ►► www.patreon.com/physicsgirl
    There’s a factory in Europe that makes antimatter! It’s the rarest, most expensive, and potentially the most dangerous material on earth. Scientists don’t know why this material is so rare. Anti-atoms took 72 years after we discovered antimatter to make. Why?
    Thanks to CERN, Elise Wursten, Loïc Bommersbach and Sarah Charley
    Creator/Host: Dianna Cowern
    Editor: Levi Butner
    Research & Writing: Sophia Chen & Dianna & Imogen Ashford
    Current estimate of Antimatter, courtesy of Elise:
    Stefan Ulmer made a back-of-the-envelope calculation based on energy and power consumption. The explanation goes as follows:
    1. CERN produces 3e7 antiprotons per AD cycle or about 1e15 per year
    2. This is about 1e15*1.67e-27kg = 1.67 nanogram per year
    3. 1 gram of antiprotons has an energy (E=mc^2) of 9e13 Joule
    4. The efficiency of the antiproton production process is 1e-9, so you need a billion times more energy: 9e22 Joule
    5. The cost of power for CERN is 1kWh = 3.6e6 Joule = 0.1 euro
    6. So that would make 0.1/3.6e6*9e22 = 2.5e15 euro
    7. And it would take CERN 6e8 years
    ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19990110316.pdf (1999)
    nuclearsecrecy.com/nukemap/ - you can see the nuke city
    Mass of Fish: "Contribution of Fish to the Marine Inorganic Carbon Cycle" rsmas.miami.edu/groups/grosell/PDFs/2009%20Wilson%20et%20al.pdf
    Dirac’s attitude about the positive solution to his equation www.newscientist.com/article/dn17111-how-dirac-predicted-antimatter/
    Dave’s Essay: multimidia.ufrgs.br/conteudo/frontdaciencia/dirac%20antimatter%20paper.pdf
    Questions at CERN
    Creating Antihidrogen:
  • วิทยาศาสตร์และเทคโนโลยีวิทยาศาสตร์และเทคโนโลยี

ความคิดเห็น • 6 924

  • Richard Gates
    Richard Gates ชั่วโมงที่ผ่านมา

    "rarest and potentially most dangerous on Earth, and scientists are..."
    playing around with it.

  • The Studio
    The Studio 2 ชั่วโมงที่ผ่านมา

    she's so excited about anti-matter. that's just how i felt when i first found caffeine free dr pepper

  • Medoo Vlog
    Medoo Vlog 2 ชั่วโมงที่ผ่านมา


  • Richy Rich
    Richy Rich 5 ชั่วโมงที่ผ่านมา

    The lady giving the tour sounds like elon musk in girl form.

  • Neelesh Kumar
    Neelesh Kumar 6 ชั่วโมงที่ผ่านมา

    I don't know how many of you noticed but physicsgirl looks alot like Judy Greer from Big Bang Theory's s03e21
    Do watch that episode.

  • Weebiest Katarina
    Weebiest Katarina 9 ชั่วโมงที่ผ่านมา

    What if outside the observable universe is a mirror universe made of antimatter... and what if the big bang was the result of a collapsed matter and antimatter universe colliding... what if it will eventually happen again? What if I've been here, in this exact same spot, typing this exact same comment, except I was typing it in French and it was 37.4 billion years ago...

  • Sergio Giacomo Sammartano
    Sergio Giacomo Sammartano 13 ชั่วโมงที่ผ่านมา

    You should have come during the CERN Open Days!!! That was amazing!!!! :D

  • Rohit Duhan
    Rohit Duhan 14 ชั่วโมงที่ผ่านมา

    Such a long video and no Robert Langdon reference ?

  • Rohit Duhan
    Rohit Duhan 14 ชั่วโมงที่ผ่านมา

    That's simple isn't it? Why we don't have antimatter.
    That's because if there was, it would've reacted with the matter already to go poof.
    It's like which one we have more of, matter or antimatter.

  • Himanshu Oswal
    Himanshu Oswal 16 ชั่วโมงที่ผ่านมา

    6:15 Did she just said Niggatron ?

  • Marciano Demidof
    Marciano Demidof 17 ชั่วโมงที่ผ่านมา

    Or poof💣💥😊

  • nateross14
    nateross14 19 ชั่วโมงที่ผ่านมา

    It would be awesome if Antifa-matter and the left collided and annihilated each other.

  • oilfortheworld
    oilfortheworld วันที่ผ่านมา

    i look the Video from 4:35 with 0,25speed this is Funny :)

  • Video Game Show
    Video Game Show วันที่ผ่านมา

    This show is anti-show..

  • Nimaj Da Great
    Nimaj Da Great วันที่ผ่านมา

    It doesn't matter how much matter they find. All I know is that it doesn't matter.

  • Pradel Elien
    Pradel Elien วันที่ผ่านมา


  • Lone Wolf
    Lone Wolf วันที่ผ่านมา

    Our future will be safe making this kind destructive energy? I hope so. I love science but science has enemies too. If this antimatter got into wrong hands? plz i bag for the future generations and humanity. KEEP IT SAFE.

  • XSkillerX99
    XSkillerX99 วันที่ผ่านมา

    Wait, if annihilation occurs if anti matter touches any matter then wouldnt it be obvious why there is no readily available antimatter? Dust in space would Cause annihilation and if The anti matter gets too close to a planet simply touching the atmosphere would also cause annihilation meaning we can't Do anything with it so long as We Use matter for studying it

  • Konan Konan
    Konan Konan วันที่ผ่านมา

    +Physics Girl I think that woman is into physics girl . There is a spark isln her eyes

  • Bob Vasquez
    Bob Vasquez วันที่ผ่านมา

    If a nuclear plant has no power it becomes a danger. If CERN has no power cause by an NEMP or by some disaster will CERN be a danger.?

  • ThrustFrom Behind
    ThrustFrom Behind วันที่ผ่านมา

    Everybody: "We now have the same destructive power that the U.S once had to themselves"
    The U.S: *Watches this video*

  • ThrustFrom Behind
    ThrustFrom Behind วันที่ผ่านมา

    Antimatter: *Exists*

    Me: Matter killer >:)

  • FBI
    FBI วันที่ผ่านมา

    Great! Now I can buy it on Wish for $1

  • Dara Shikoh
    Dara Shikoh 2 วันที่ผ่านมา

    I love your enthusiasm, its simply raw and pure :) Go Girl!

  • Numb9
    Numb9 2 วันที่ผ่านมา

    Everything you see is vibrating light bouncing off your eyes. Raise your vibration and edit the physical

  • Haim Ben Avraham
    Haim Ben Avraham 2 วันที่ผ่านมา

    Why on Earth would they want to fool around with that ' stuff'?

    • Thaye
      Thaye 7 ชั่วโมงที่ผ่านมา

      Because it's exciting to explore the edges of our collective knowledge and try to expand them outwards.
      Also I am certain some countries or military-industrial corporations would be interested in discovering any potential practical applications of antimatter, unfortunately so.

  • Jerry Gundecker
    Jerry Gundecker 2 วันที่ผ่านมา

    The most dangerous stuff on Earth is Republican politics.
    And it breaks the economy every time it takes effect, and jobs come only from McDonald's and Amazon warehouses. Poof!
    It's more expensive. Antimatter comes in second.

  • Bakdi Abderrahmane
    Bakdi Abderrahmane 2 วันที่ผ่านมา

    what you people are made out of matter

  • THGraham
    THGraham 2 วันที่ผ่านมา

    Hmm what if each sun we see was an anti matter explosion? Which is why we don’t see any anti matter, it already had its reaction with matter, we just see the result.

  • IMK
    IMK 2 วันที่ผ่านมา

    I can pay any amount to buy this antimatter ... coz i have billions and trillions and quadrillions of Antidollar.... 😉

  • Tina Corbett
    Tina Corbett 2 วันที่ผ่านมา

    Tell a 10 year old they can't do it.
    They'll do it.

  • dave mau
    dave mau 2 วันที่ผ่านมา

    It's not dangerous but 1 spoon of it can compare to 10 nuke what a nice explanation

  • J W Harvey
    J W Harvey 2 วันที่ผ่านมา

    In Dan Brown's book Angels and Demons, published May 2000 this whole subject was explained very well for the lay person. This means you are almost twenty years late with this information.

  • DysfunctionalDean
    DysfunctionalDean 2 วันที่ผ่านมา

    I watched this and it was on 2,222.222 views... hello angel numbers 👋
    If you know, you know. 🙂

  • Fabricio Sasaki
    Fabricio Sasaki 2 วันที่ผ่านมา +1

    Anti-protons cost $3 quadrillion and don't even have an Apple logo stamped on it.

  • John Kean
    John Kean 2 วันที่ผ่านมา

    Can someone tell me why quarks are so quirky, leptons are so lousy and bosons are such bozos. Is it _because they don't exist_ only in Planck's ( _et al_ ) imagination 🤔 that's why bosons are so elusive because they're not real.

  • John Kean
    John Kean 2 วันที่ผ่านมา

    Why is there never anyone around at CERN where are all the Scientists - they're supposed to be there searching for Higgs's Boson. They'll never find it in a million years especially if they don't turn up at the office: its like somebody opened the box and Schroedinger's cat wasn't inside to begin with 🤔 or when you search for them they all turn into waves and only return as particles if you stop looking for them 🤔

  • John Kean
    John Kean 3 วันที่ผ่านมา

    Modern Science is like a Cream Puff: just as soon as you try to eat it it crumbles away into insignificance.

  • John Kean
    John Kean 3 วันที่ผ่านมา +11

    Modern science is like a diet: you can see the Cake but you can't eat it.

  • John Kean
    John Kean 3 วันที่ผ่านมา

    How come modern Scientists can convince Nobel Laureate Institute but not the general public 🤔

  • John Kean
    John Kean 3 วันที่ผ่านมา

    Antimatter is like sleeping - its a dream ie Virtual. Like modern science: which is Philosophy.

  • Urahara451
    Urahara451 3 วันที่ผ่านมา

    Dianna is smart, funny, nerdy and gorgeous. Anyone know where I could find a girl like her lol?

  • John Kean
    John Kean 3 วันที่ผ่านมา

    Why is modern science full of stuff you can"t see or CGI

  • Ger
    Ger 3 วันที่ผ่านมา

    In the future China will mass produce anti matter, and them accidentally anihilate everything within a radius of a few hundred lightyears.

  • steve Taylor
    steve Taylor 3 วันที่ผ่านมา

    It sounds like the age old question, are there unicorns? and find out how many dwarfs can ride on the back of the unicorn, have a great day

  • Fahd Abdul Rahman
    Fahd Abdul Rahman 3 วันที่ผ่านมา

    CERN discovers antimatter
    CERN stocks and stock holders 😏

  • iChanne
    iChanne 3 วันที่ผ่านมา

    they a holding aliens in those boxes...

  • Hannah Boswell
    Hannah Boswell 3 วันที่ผ่านมา

    Off topic but I have a suspicion from the way she moves that this scientist in the zebra shirt might have EDS, she reminds me of myself and she is wearing the zebra stripes our mascot!

  • sheffooo Productions
    sheffooo Productions 3 วันที่ผ่านมา

    maybe we cant find antimatter cause is fillet with matter , who knows.universe has many surprises.

  • A Rasvan
    A Rasvan 3 วันที่ผ่านมา

    but we would measure antimatter weight in anti-grams
    therefore, one GRAM of antimatter would cost -$2700 trillion

  • Big_Mike NYC
    Big_Mike NYC 3 วันที่ผ่านมา

    So, if anti matter could be produced affordable, what would society do with it? Nuclear energy, weapons?

  • Craig Corson
    Craig Corson 3 วันที่ผ่านมา

    From the description: "CERN produces 3e7 antiprotons per AD cycle or about 1e15 per year".
    Isn't 1e15 equal to...one? Or do I not know what I'm talking about?

    • Craig Corson
      Craig Corson 3 วันที่ผ่านมา

      @MikeRosoftJH I give up.

    • MikeRosoftJH
      MikeRosoftJH 3 วันที่ผ่านมา

      @Craig Corson I have written "1*10^15" for clarity because you have been confused about what the "e" means. And you are still confused. Once again: 1e15 is 10^15. It's not 1, and it's not 10^16. 10e15 is 10*10^15, or 10^16 (which can also be written using the "e" notation as 1e16).

    • Craig Corson
      Craig Corson 3 วันที่ผ่านมา

      @MikeRosoftJH And you still have not answered my very simple question. You wrote "I have written it as 1*10^15". Of what use is the 1 in that expression? Here's a new one: if, as you claim, the e denotes 10^, then why did Elise write 1e15 when she could have, should have simply written 10^16, or 10e15?

    • MikeRosoftJH
      MikeRosoftJH 3 วันที่ผ่านมา

      @Craig Corson So you *don't* know what the "e" represents. 1e15 is not 1, it's 10^15 (in order to make it clear what the number before the "e" represents, I have written it as 1*10^15 - just like 2e15 is 2*10^15). 10e15 is not 10^15; it's 10*10^15=10^16. The "e" does not represent the exponentiation operator (which is usually written as "^" when superscript is not available); it represents "*10^".

    • Craig Corson
      Craig Corson 3 วันที่ผ่านมา

      @MikeRosoftJH Don't condescend. I know what the e represents. You haven't answered my question. Why did you write 1*10^15, when 10^15 is sufficient, or 10e15?
      As I said in my original comment, 1e15 = 1. Dianna has made an error, or rather, Elise has, whoever that is.

  • Robert Billing
    Robert Billing 3 วันที่ผ่านมา

    Great explanation, thanks. BTW when I was an undergraduate in Cambridge I used to walk past Dirac's rooms on the way to supervision every week. (New court St John's A staircase. )

  • Clyde Cessna
    Clyde Cessna 3 วันที่ผ่านมา

    Geneva WAS the home of the League of Nations (The US refused to join) and IS home to certain organs of the UN like UNESCO.

  • extremelydangerous
    extremelydangerous 3 วันที่ผ่านมา

    Anti made EASY!!!
    (1) get some UNUNPENTIUM at least 5% pure (needs some ultracentrifuge...)
    (2) put in a vacuum chamber inside a magnetic bottle the same you make with that anti hidrogen
    (3) fire a low speed proton bean over the ununpentium
    (4) the ununpentium nucleous breaks and result in one or more anti-protons per break
    (5) the anti-protons are stripped off the ununpentium with the magnetic + electric field and target into a thermocouple array
    (6) one side of the thermocouple is cold, other is heated by anti-protons... so a DC current is generated...
    (7) DONE... now go to sell to Greta Thumberg you will get billions in finance to solve the "how dare" problem with polution and energy generation
    SEE??? easy!!

  • vclamp
    vclamp 3 วันที่ผ่านมา

    Well, it is not material, it is anti-material.
    Customs tried to bust me for smuggling 0.003 grams of anti-matter. I told them it was twice as much and that they should raise the fine to pad their paychecks. So they poured it onto the scale, and poof! they evidence disappeared and the charges were dropped. Because you know, SCIENCE! 😁

  • Arlo De Parlo
    Arlo De Parlo 3 วันที่ผ่านมา

    Elisa is sooo cute 😍

  • Dexxed
    Dexxed 3 วันที่ผ่านมา +2

    Me: Goes in dark places
    Mom: Don't go there
    Me: or?
    Mom: OR POOF!

  • goatman86
    goatman86 3 วันที่ผ่านมา

    Legos Dianna? Legos!?

  • Freimon Borja
    Freimon Borja 3 วันที่ผ่านมา

    Is that the place where the Terminator's enemy got magnetized in??